This article is about how to monitor fetal heart tone of early, late, and variable decelerations during labor. I have been studying this in nursing school ,and at first I thought this was very hard to understand. So for you I have broken it down by decelerations and simplified the reasons for why it is happening and what it looks like on the fetal heart monitor. It truly is a beautiful process from conception to birth and thereafter.
Early, Variable, and Late Decelerations | OB Fetal Heart Tone Monitoring Decelerations
Nonstress test - Wikipedia
A nonstress test NST is a screening test used in pregnancy to assess fetal status by means of the fetal heart rate and its responsiveness. A cardiotocograph is used to monitor the fetal heart rate and presence or absence of uterine contractions. The test is typically termed "reactive" also "reassuring" or "nonreactive" also "nonreassuring". The premise of the NST is that a well-oxygenated, non-acidemic fetus will spontaneously have temporary increases, termed "accelerations," in the fetal heart rate FHR. Vibroacoustic stimulation can wake the fetus, and is sometimes used to speed up the test or to facilitate further evaluation of a non-reactive nonstress test. A nonstress test can be classified as normal, atypical, or abnormal.
Fetal Heart Rate Deceleration Quiz of Early, Late & Variable Maternity Nursing
Objective: To analyze the influence of increasing education and clinical experience on fetal heart rate interpretation by health care providers in labor and delivery areas. Study design: Eleven tracings representing a variety of fetal heart rate patterns and neonatal outcomes were selected. Respondents were asked to interpret the tracing strips on a scale and predict Apgar scores and cord blood gases. Results: Seventy nurses and physicians participated.
Cardiotocography CTG is a technical means of recording the fetal heartbeat and the uterine contractions during pregnancy. The machine used to perform the monitoring is called a cardiotocograph , more commonly known as an electronic fetal monitor EFM. The cardiotocograph is a refined form of fetal monitoring that is antepartal , non-invasive, and beat-to-beat, which was later developed for Hewlett-Packard by Konrad Hammacher. CTG monitoring is widely used to assess fetal wellbeing. CTG monitoring can sometimes lead to medical interventions which are not necessarily needed.